Har du av og til fulgt med mediadekningen av eurokrisen vil du ha kommet over forkortelsen ESM. European Stability Mechanism. Et adhoc politisk kompromiss og forsøk på å roe alles tynnslitte nerver.
ESM skal erstatte prototypen EFSM og krisefondet EFSF.
The challenge to the legality of the ESM is based upon article 79(3), the ‘Eternity Clause’, which was introduced by the framers of the 1949 German Constitution to prevent the establishment of dictatorship through legal measures as happened at the end of the Weimar Republic.
Tysklands deltakelse i ESM er utfordret via det tyske rettsvesenet og en paragraf fra 1949.
Paul Gallagher ved The Institute of International and European Affairs had skrevet om akkurat dette og han advarer retten i å gå for langt i tolkningen fra 1949.
The present situation in which these Treaties are subject to constant challenges before the German Court creates very significant problems. These challenges result in large part from the terms of the Court’s ruling in the Lisbon Treaty where it ventured into many issues that it was not required to decide. This financial crisis has demonstrated that a mechanism must be found which enables decisive action to be taken to deal with critical financial dangers and that such a mechanism needs to be substantially immune from legal challenges which can take considerable time and create considerable uncertainty. The rule of law must be respected but this does not require the Court to engage in an expansive interpretation of Articles 1 and 20 of the Basic Law.