Hva står i FNs Resolusjon 1973 (2011) om ‘NO-FLY ZONE’ i Libya?

Screen shot 2011 03 21 at 15 16 33 Intensjonen til FN resolusjonen er i tittelen, med store bokstaver:

SECURITY COUNCIL APPROVES ‘NO-FLY ZONE’ OVER LIBYA, AUTHORIZING ‘ALL NECESSARY MEASURES’ TO PROTECT CIVILIANS, BY VOTE OF 10 IN FAVOUR WITH 5 ABSTENTIONS

All necessary measures’ er her en blank sjekk for håndhevelsen av resolusjonen. Resolusjonen ble vedtatt med 10 stemmer for og 5 blanke stemmer. Det var Brasil, Kina, Tyskland, India og Russland som avstod fra stemming. Videre:

Recognizing the important role of the League of Arab States in the maintenance of international peace and security in the region, and bearing in mind the United Nations Charter’s Chapter VIII, the Council asked the League’s member States to cooperate with other Member States in implementing the no-fly zone.

Dette har ikke skjedd. Det er hittil ikke blitt rapportert om bruk av mannskap eller materiell som kommer fra den Arabiske Liga.

Så hva mener Kina og Russland, som ikke brukte stemmen sin:

The representatives of China and the Russian Federation, explaining their abstentions, prioritized peaceful means of resolving the conflict and said that many questions had not been answered in regard to provisions of the resolution, including, as the Russian representative put it, how and by whom the measures would be enforced and what the limits of the engagement would be. He said the resolution included a sorely needed ceasefire, which he had called for earlier. China had not blocked the action with a negative vote in consideration of the wishes of the Arab League and the African Union, its representative said.

Det var noen som nevnte suverenitet, nemlig Lebanon:

He stressed that the resolution would not have as a consequence occupation of “even an inch” of Libyan territory. He hoped that the resolution would have a deterrent role and end the Libyan authorities’ use of force. He reaffirmed full support for the county’s sovereignty, the need for full cooperation between the United Nations and the League of Arab States, pursuant to Chapter VIII of the United Nations Charter, and the necessity of a peaceful solution to the situation.

Videre sier Tyskland, som ikke stemte, dette:

He said his country was particularly concerned by the plight of the Libyan people and believed it was crucial to tighten existing sanctions to “cut [the Libyan regime] off” from the funds that had propped it up for so long. Decisions regarding the use of military force were always extremely difficult to take. Indeed, in the implementation of the resolution just adopted, Germany saw great risks, and the likelihood of large-scale loss of life should not be underestimated. Those that participated in its implementation could be drawn into a protracted military conflict that could draw in the wider region. If the resolution failed, it would be wrong to assume that any military intervention would be quickly and efficiently carried out. Germany had decided not to support the resolution and would not contribute its own forces to any military effort that arose from its implementation. Germany had abstained from the vote.

Brasil:

She said that while Brazil stood in solidarity with all movements in the region expressing their legitimate demands for better governance, and had taken into account the Arab League’s call for strong measures to stop the violence through a no-fly zone, it believed that the resolution contemplated measures that went beyond that call. “We are not convinced that the use of force as provided for in operative paragraph 4 of the present resolution will lead to the realization of our common objective — the immediate end of violence and the protection of civilians,” she said, adding that Brazil was also concerned that the measures approved today might have the unintended effect of exacerbating the current tensions on the ground and “causing more harm than good to the very same civilians we are committed to protecting”. No military action alone would succeed in ending the conflict. Protecting civilians, ensuring lasting settlement and addressing the legitimate demands of Libyan citizens demanded a political process.

Alle kommentarene til resolusjonen kan du lese her (med bl.a. Sør Afrika, Portugal og India)
FN fryser også penger, spesifikt pengene til syv nøkkelpersoner som inkluderer forsvarsministeren, Mohammed, Saadi og Saif al-Arab Gaddafi, sønnene, kommandøren for spesialstyrkene og etterretningssjefen i Libya. Samtidig settes sentrale institusjoner i fryseren, herunder sentralbanken, Libyan Investment Authority, Libyan Foreign Bank, Libyan Africa Investment Portifoilo, og Libyan National Oil Corporation.

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