For dere som ikke følger Chris Blattmans blogg, og samtidig lurer på hvordan et slikt eksperiment ser ut i praksis. Her er hva han og kompanjong Julian Jamison skal gjøre:
We are implementing an experimental program of training, grants and behavior modification in order to help street youth develop legitimate livelihoods and get off the streets. To do so, IPA is working with the National Ex-Combatant Peacebuilding Initiative (NEPI), YMCA Liberia, and CHF International to pilot innovative approaches to serve this high-risk group of youth.
De er derfor på jakt etter svar på følgende:
- What are the returns to capital among street youth, and what time preferences explain economic behavior and violence?
- How can we create sustained behavioral change, from impulsive spending to saving and investment?
In particular, can a behavioral intervention of role modeling, reinforcement, and (akin to an Alcoholics Anonymous approach) transform time preferences?
- Are increases in income and employment associated with lower aggression and violence?
Vel, nysgjerrig på hvordan noe slikt faktisk gjøres? Ventetiden er over:
Background and Program
Liberia’s fourteen year civil war not only destroyed the country’s economy, infrastructure and human resource capacity, but left tens of thousands of youth unemployed, at risk, and easily mobilized into crime and violence.
The highest numbers of youth languish in the slums of Monrovia, and hundreds congregate in groups outside of shops and in the city center to beg and steal. A majority are ex-combatants, and many are amputees. Large numbers use drugs, including small quantities of heroin and cocaine, and a growing number have turned to armed robbery to make ends meet, just one cause of rising violent crime rates in Monrovia.
This pilot program intends to show that legitimate livelihoods are within the reach of these hardcore street youth.
The pilot program and evaluation is also a crucial input into a broader movement to improve evidence-based policy making for youth in Liberia. This program and its results are designed to be an input into the discussion among government ministries, the UN and NGOs as they develop a national program strategy on youth and employment. The government and NGOs have virtually no experience providing livelihoods for youth, and globally we have few best practices, model programs, and lessons learned to draw on. Post-conflict youth policy is being made in a vacuum.
The pilot program will be small, inexpensive, and designed to provide rapid feedback on the effectiveness of several alternative interventions.
Monrovia hosts several thousand street youth. Roughly 1000 youth will be selected into the program via lottery, and will receive basic business skills training and small grants of random size.
A random subset of the grant recipients and controls will receive an alternative intervention (or combination of interventions) aimed at behavior modification.
The evaluation is designed to feed into coordinated evidence-based policy and programs. Because the evaluation will track a large group of at-risk urban youth, our data set will help paint a broader picture of youth program needs.
Noen som melder seg til NGO-frivillig-skjema-ansvarlig-spørreundersøkelse-general?